In this article we will go through Nextcloud hacks and improvements. Add configurations to safeguard Nextcloud installation.
Move data directory
There could be two reasons why one would need to move data directory from the web server path.
- Different mount point
Whatever the reason is, we will move it anyway. I prefer to use copy command. I assume the web server path is
/var/www/html, change accordingly if different.
cp -r /var/www/html/data /var/www/data
This will recursively copy the data directory to
/var/www. Remember you can move it anywhere you would like to. Now we will edit config.php file to change the directory path.
'datadirectory' => '/var/www/html/data',
'datadirectory' => '/var/www/data',
You can refresh the Nextcloud instance now and all should be ok. data directory from html can now be deleted/removed.
Just make sure you don’t delete anything else. You can use
rm -r command.
Disclaimer: As mentioned be-careful with rm command, I will not be responsible if you kill your kitten mistakenly. 🙂
Setup cron for background jobs
With fresh installation Nextcloud opt for AJAX for background jobs. Preferred way is to setup a cron job on the server.
crontab -e -u www-data
*/5 * * * * php -f /var/www/html/cron.php
Change the path to
cron.php if it is different.
We have already installed redis in our previous article, the only thing we need now is to add the following to
'memcache.distributed' => '\\OC\\Memcache\\Redis', 'memcache.local' => '\\OC\\Memcache\\Redis', 'redis' => array ( 'host' => 'localhost', 'port' => 6379, ),
Save and done.
Remove index.php from URLs
Set proper permissions on
.htaccess if they are not.
chown www-data:www-data /var/www/html/.htaccess
Add the following line to
$CONFIG array in config.php:
'htaccess.RewriteBase' => '/',
Update .htaccess with occ:
sudo -u www-data php occ maintenance:update:htaccess
Default phone region
Add the following to
'default_phone_region' => 'DE',
Use the two character country code.
In some cases like migration you may encounter issues like missing files or indexes. This command will update them.
sudo -u www-data php occ files:scan --all
Above command will scan files for all users. If you want to scan files for a specific user, command would be:
sudo -u www-data php occ files:scan --all USER_ID
Reset passwords with occ
You can reset any user password with occ command.
admin is the username.
sudo -u www-data php occ user:resetpassword admin
New account skeleton
After login to Nextcloud instance you will see some default files.
To have an empty account for new users, add to
'skeletondirectory' => '',
If you want to have your own set of files for new users to see in their account. You can create a directory anywhere in the web server path. Copy your files/directories to it.
Preferred is root path
/var/www/html/template. And change
'skeletondirectory' => '/var/www/html/template',